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Severely Brain-Injured Child Benefits From Cord Blood Cell Transplantation

Les donneurs d'organes sont des patients se trouvant dans un état irréversible, du fait de la destruction irréversible de leur cerveau (la "mort encéphalique" équivaut à un coma dépassé). Et si, grâce aux cellules souches contenues dans le sang du cordon ombilical, il était possible de rendre réversibles les lésions au cerveau conduisant à cet état de "mort encéphalique" qui permet le prélèvement d'organes ?
"In three monthly injections, researchers transplanted neurally-committed, autologous cord blood derived cells tagged with iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) into the lateral cerebral ventricle of a 16-month old child with severe global hypoxic ischemic brain injury. The study, published in the current issue of Cell Medicine 1(2) and now freely available online here found through MRI tracking that the primary injected and tagged cells persisted in that brain hemisphere for more than four months. By six months, the severely impaired child showed some slight improvement over a former vegetative state.

'Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy remains one of the most devastating conditions in children, resulting in brain atrophy and persistent functional neurological impairment,' said Dr. Krystyna Domanska-Janik, corresponding author.

According to Dr. Domanska-Janik, they transplanted cord blood neural cells by repeated injection into lateral cerebral ventricle as the method appeared to be superior to intravascular injections because there would be a more 'local modulating outcome.'

'The capacity of cells to home to damaged sites in the central nervous system is crucial,' said Dr. Domanska-Janik. 'Our study found that transplantation of patient self-donor (autologous), neurally-committed cord blood cells is feasible, well tolerated, and safe.'

Once more, the transplanted cells were easily assessed by MRI for four months.

'Despite signs of neurological improvement noticed by the parents and neurologists after cell transplantation, this one case does not allow us to predict the true efficacy of such a treatment and further studies are needed,' she added.

The research team did suggest that six months post-transplantation, the child's diagnosis of a 'vegetative state' was no longer justified as the boy began responding to his mother's voice by smiling and a 50 percent reduction in his rate of seizures was achieved.

According to Dr. Paul Sanberg, executive director of the Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair at the University of South Florida, and executive editor of Cell Medicine, this case report is potentially important.

'This first step in the use of autologous stem cells as a treatment for neonatal ischemic brain repair in the clinic provides a guardedly optimistic report for future studies,' said Dr. Sanberg. 'Of course, further and more comprehensive studies, with a larger patient population, are required to confirm its potential efficacy.'"


Prof. Krystyna Domanska-Janik, Neuro Repair Dept. Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, 5 Pawinskiego str, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.

Citation: Jozwiak, S.; Habich, A.; Kotulska, K.; Sarnowska, A.; Kropiwnicki, T.; Janowski, M.; Jurkiewicz, E.; Lukomska, B.; Kmiec, T.; Walecki, J.; Roszkowski, M.; Litwin, M.; Oldak, T.; Boruczkowski, D.; Domanska-Janik, K. Intracerebroventricular Transplantation of Cord Blood-Derived Neural Progenitors in a Child With Severe Global Brain Ischemic Injury. Cell Medicine 1(2):71-80; 2010.


David Eve

Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair
January 3, 2011


1 commentaire:

Dr Olivier Kourilsky a dit…

"severe ischemic global injury", ce n'est pas cerveau détruit .. lorsque l'arteriographie montre une interruption totale de la circulation au siphon carotidien, qui existe depuis deja des heures, le cerveau est malheureusement détruit (et l'arret du coeur survient dans les 48 h).. il faudrait effectivement pouvoir intervenir plus tôt dans cette hypothèse de "cellules souches fiction" ...